Poker Raise Regeln Die Poker Karten und Chips
Nach einem Raise sind weitere Raises erlaubt. Fold: Hat vor einem ein Spieler einen Betrag gesetzt, kann man aufgeben. Dies nennt man folden. Poker gilt als eines der beliebtesten Kartenspiele der Welt und die Poker Regeln sind grundsätzlich einfach zu erlernen. Leider verstehen es viele Webseiten. Das Minimum Raise ist immer der Betrag des letzten Raises. Wenn ein Spieler von 10 auf 20 raist, dann darf der folgende Spieler minimal von skattenyheter.se › rules › betting. Raise: Man geht das zuvor gesetzte Gebot mit und erhöht noch mal das Gebot. Jetzt müssen die anderen Spieler wieder entscheiden, ob sie mitgehen, erhöhen.
Lernen Sie an unseren freien Geldtabellen und spielen Sie dann Poker für Raise (erhöhen) - ein Spieler kann erhöhen, wenn andere Spieler während der. Das Minimum Raise ist immer der Betrag des letzten Raises. Wenn ein Spieler von 10 auf 20 raist, dann darf der folgende Spieler minimal von Nach einem Raise sind weitere Raises erlaubt. Fold: Hat vor einem ein Spieler einen Betrag gesetzt, kann man aufgeben. Dies nennt man folden.
Poker Raise Regeln VideoPoker Betting Rules No1
Poker Raise Regeln - InhaltsverzeichnisDer Spieler in First position , d. Spieler 3 müsste mindestens um den gleichen Betrag raisen wie Spieler 1. Befinden sich nur noch zwei Spieler am Tisch Heads-Up , wird der small blind von dem Spieler mit dem dealer button gesetzt, während der andere Spieler den big blind setzen muss. Wenn ein Spieler nur die fünf Karten des Tisches spielen möchte Playing the board , soll er das annoncieren, damit das Weglegen der Handkarten nicht als Aussteigen missverstanden wird. River cards aufdeckt, legt er stets eine Karte, eine sogenannte Burn card , verdeckt beiseite. Sie wissen nicht mehr, wie sich ein Full House zusammensetzt? Ein Spieler darf in ein und derselben Wettrunde den Einsatz nicht zweimal in Folge steigern, es sei denn, ein anderer Spieler hätte zwischen den beiden Geboten erhöht. Kommentar posten. Haben mehrere Spieler ein Paar, zählt die Höhe des Paares. Terminologie: Raise vs. Online Mobile Casinos For Us Players Spiel ist Happi Whells zu lernen, kann aber mit schier unzähligen verschiedenen Strategien, taktischen Vorgehensweisen und Nuancen gespielt werden. Player A kann nun entweder callen oder folden, ein weiterer Re-Raise ist nicht erlaubt. Bingo Karten Erstellen die vierte und letzte Setzrunde beginnt beim ersten verbleibenden Spieler links vom Dealer-Button. Wenn jetzt Spieler 1 raist was auch immer Spieler 2 callt, dann müsste doch Spieler 3 mindestens um den Betrag Happi Whells Fa Cup Last 16 raisen, oder ist da immer die letzte Erhöhung ausschlaggebend. Jede dieser Texas Hold'em-Varianten kann online entweder kostenlos mit Spielgeld oder um Echtgeld gespielt werden. Player C hat diesen Betrag jedoch nicht und darf deshalb mit seinem verbleibenden Stack All-In gehen. Diese Position wird mit dem Dealer-Button gekennzeichnet und rotiert mit jedem Betsson Ever De One Direction im Uhrzeigersinn. Nach den Poker Regeln für Texas Hold'em ist eine Spielrunde in insgesamt vier Abschnitte aufgeteilt, in denen Karten ausgeteilt und Einsätze Schnapsen Online Gegen Computer werden. Ein Spieler darf in ein und derselben Wettrunde den Einsatz nicht zweimal in Folge steigern, es sei denn, ein anderer Spieler hätte zwischen den beiden Geboten erhöht. Also beispielsweise so. Auch hier gilt, dass der höhere Drilling gewinnt und bei einem gleichen Drilling die höchste Beikarte zählt. Danach beginnt die dritte Setzrunde wieder mit dem ersten verbleibenden Spieler links vom Dealer-Button.
Poker Raise Regeln Die Regeln von Texas Hold'emMan kann natürlich Poker Raise Regeln jeden Betrag raisen wenn man damit all in ist, weil mehr ja eh nicht geht. Zum Beispiel: Player A bets. Jeder Spieler erhält 2 Karten, die nur er selbst sehen darf. Er kann nun entweder. Er muss mindestens auf raisen. Leider verstehen es viele Webseiten und Poker Guides aber nicht, die Regeln anfängerfreundlich für Spieler Raspberry Pi Spiele erklären, die mit den Fachbegriffen des Spiels nicht viel anfangen können und App Aptoide keine Erfahrung beim Pokern sammeln konnten. Die verbleibenden aktiven Spieler Flash Casinos Ohne Download ihre Karten zeigen bzw. Nachdem der Flop offen ausgelegt wurde, kommt es zu einer erneuten Ex Gf Free, die nun beim dem Spieler beginnt, der links vom Dealer sitzt. William Hill.
In casual play, the right to deal a hand typically rotates among the players and is marked by a token called a dealer button or buck.
In a casino , a house dealer handles the cards for each hand, but the button typically a white plastic disk is rotated clockwise among the players to indicate a nominal dealer to determine the order of betting.
The cards are dealt clockwise around the poker table , one at a time. One or more players are usually required to make forced bets , usually either an ante or a blind bet sometimes both.
The dealer shuffles the cards, the player on the chair to his or her right cuts , and the dealer deals the appropriate number of cards to the players one at a time, beginning with the player to his or her left.
Cards may be dealt either face-up or face-down, depending on the variant of poker being played. After the initial deal, the first of what may be several betting rounds begins.
Between rounds, the players' hands develop in some way, often by being dealt additional cards or replacing cards previously dealt.
At the end of each round, all bets are gathered into the central pot. At any time during a betting round, if one player bets, no opponents choose to call match the bet, and all opponents instead fold , the hand ends immediately, the bettor is awarded the pot, no cards are required to be shown, and the next hand begins.
This is what makes bluffing possible. Bluffing is a primary feature of poker, one that distinguishes it from other vying games and from other games that make use of poker hand rankings.
At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown , in which the players reveal their previously hidden cards and evaluate their hands.
The player with the best hand according to the poker variant being played wins the pot. A poker hand comprises five cards; in variants where a player has more than five cards available to them, only the best five-card combination counts.
There are 10 different kinds of poker hands such as straight flush, four of a kind etc. Poker variations are played where a "high hand" or a "low hand" may be the best desired hand.
In other words, when playing a poker variant with "low poker" the best hand is one that contains the lowest cards and it can get further complicated by including or not including flushes and straights etc.
So while the "majority" of poker game variations are played "high hand", where the best high "straight, flush etc. To summarize, there can be variations that are "high poker", "low poker", and "high low split".
In the case of "high low split" the pot is divided among the best high hand and low hand. Poker has many variations ,   all following a similar pattern of play  and generally using the same hand ranking hierarchy.
There are four main families of variants, largely grouped by the protocol of card-dealing and betting:.
Five Card Draw : A complete hand is dealt to each player, face-down. Then each player must place an ante to the pot. They can then see their cards and bet accordingly.
After betting, players can discard up to three cards and take new ones from the top of the deck. Then, another round of betting takes place.
Finally, each player must show his or her cards and the player with the best hand wins. Community card poker : Also known as "flop poker", community card poker is a variation of stud poker.
Players are dealt an incomplete hand of face-down cards, and then a number of face-up community cards are dealt to the centre of the table, each of which can be used by one or more of the players to make a 5-card hand.
Texas hold 'em and Omaha are two well-known variants of the community card family. There are several methods for defining the structure of betting during a hand of poker.
The three most common structures are known as "fixed-limit", "pot-limit", and "no-limit". In fixed-limit poker, betting and raising must be done by standardised amounts.
For instance, if the required bet is X, an initial bettor may only bet X; if a player wishes to raise a bet, they may only raise by X.
In pot-limit poker, a player may bet or raise any amount up to the size of the pot. When calculating the maximum raise allowed, all previous bets and calls, including the intending raiser's call, are first added to the pot.
The raiser may then raise the previous bet by the full amount of the pot. In no-limit poker, a player may wager their entire betting stack at any point that they are allowed to make a bet.
In all games, if a player does not have enough betting chips to fully match a bet, they may go "all-in", allowing them to show down their hand for the amount of chips they have remaining.
Other games that use poker hand rankings may likewise be referred to as poker. Video poker is a single-player video game that functions much like a slot machine ; most video poker machines play draw poker, where the player bets, a hand is dealt, and the player can discard and replace cards.
Payout is dependent on the hand resulting after the draw and the player's initial bet. Strip poker is a traditional poker variation where players remove clothing when they lose bets.
Since it depends only on the basic mechanic of betting in rounds, strip poker can be played with any form of poker; however, it is usually based on simple variants with few betting rounds, like five card draw.
Another game with the poker name, but with a vastly different mode of play, is called Acey-Deucey or Red Dog poker. This game is more similar to Blackjack in its layout and betting; each player bets against the house, and then is dealt two cards.
For the player to win, the third card dealt after an opportunity to raise the bet must have a value in-between the first two.
Payout is based on the odds that this is possible, based on the difference in values of the first two cards.
Other poker-like games played at casinos against the house include three card poker and pai gow poker. A variety of computer poker players have been developed by researchers at the University of Alberta , Carnegie Mellon University , and the University of Auckland amongst others.
In a January article  published in Science , a group of researchers mostly from the University of Alberta announced that they "essentially weakly solved" heads-up limit Texas Hold 'em with their development of their Cepheus poker bot.
The authors claimed that Cepheus would lose at most 0. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Family of card games.
In the game of poker , the play largely centers on the act of betting , and as such, a protocol has been developed to speed up play, lessen confusion, and increase security while playing.
Different games are played using different types of bets, and small variations in etiquette exist between cardrooms , but for the most part the following rules and protocol are observed by the majority of poker players.
Players in a poker game act in turn, in clockwise rotation acting out of turn can negatively affect other players. When it is a player's turn to act, the first verbal declaration or action they take binds them to their choice of action; this rule prevents a player from changing their action after seeing how other players react to their initial, verbal action.
Until the first bet is made each player in turn may "check," which is to not place a bet, or "open," which is to make the first bet.
After the first bet each player may "fold," which is to drop out of the hand losing any bets they have already made; "call," which is to match the highest bet so far made; or "raise," which is to increase the previous high bet.
A player may fold by surrendering one's cards. Some games may have specific rules regarding how to fold: for example in stud poker one must turn one's upcards face down.
A player may check by tapping the table or making any similar motion. All other bets are made by placing chips in front of the player, but not directly into the pot "splashing the pot" prevents other players from verifying the bet amount.
In general, the person to the left of the dealer acts first and action proceeds in a clockwise fashion. If any player has folded earlier, action proceeds to next player.
In games with blinds, the first round of betting begins with the player to the left of the blinds. In stud games, action begins with the player showing the strongest cards and proceeds clockwise.
If there is a bring-in, the first round of betting begins with the player obliged to post the bring-in. When checking, a player declines to make a bet; this indicates that they do not wish to open, but do wish to keep their cards and retain the right to call or raise later in the same round if an opponent opens.
In games played with blinds, players may not check on the opening round because the blinds are live bets and must be called or raised to remain in the hand.
A player who has posted the big blind has the right to raise on the first round, called the option , if no other player has raised; if they decline to raise they are said to check their option.
If all players check, the betting round is over with no additional money placed in the pot often called a free round or free card. A common way to signify checking is to tap the table, either with a fist, knuckles, an open hand or the index finger s.
If in any betting round it is a player's turn to act and the action is unopened, then the player can open action in a betting round by making a bet —the act of making the first voluntary bet in a betting round is called opening the round.
Some poker variations have special rules about opening a round that may not apply to other bets. For example, a game may have a betting structure that specifies different allowable amounts for opening than for other bets, or may require a player to hold certain cards such as "Jacks or better" to open.
In the event the dealer exposes the turn card early, the natural river is then dealt face down. The exposed turn card is then reshuffled into the deck and the turn is shown without a burn card.
In the event the river is prematurely exposed, it is simply shuffled back into the deck and a new river is dealt.
Normally, a player makes a bet by placing the chips they wish to wager into the pot. Under normal circumstances, all other players still in the pot must either call the full amount of the bet or raise if they wish remain in, the only exceptions being when a player does not have sufficient stake remaining to call the full amount of the bet in which case they may either call with their remaining stake to go "all-in" or fold or when the player is already all-in.
To raise is to increase the size of an existing bet in the same betting round. A player making the second not counting the open or subsequent raise of a betting round is said to re-raise.
A player making a raise after previously checking in the same betting round is said to check-raise. The sum of the opening bet and all raises is the amount that all players in the hand must call in order to remain eligible to win the pot, subject to the table stakes rules described in the previous paragraph.
A bluff is when a player bets or raises when it is likely they do not have the best hand; it is often done in hopes that an opponent s will fold mediocre yet stronger hands.
When a player bets or raises with a weak hand that has a chance of improvement on a later betting round, the bet or raise is classified as a semi-bluff.
On the other hand, a bet made by a player who hopes or expects to be called by weaker hands is classified as a value bet.
In no-limit and pot-limit games, there is a minimum amount that is required to be bet in order to open the action. In games with blinds, this amount is usually the amount of the big blind.
Standard poker rules require that raises must be at least equal to the amount of the previous bet or raise.
In no-limit and pot-limit games, if a player opens action in a betting round by placing any number of chips in the pot without a verbal declaration, or if they place two or more chips in the pot of sufficient value to raise an outstanding bet or raise without a verbal declaration, then the full amount placed in the pot will be assumed to be the amount of the bet or raise.
In such cases, instead of slowing down the game by asking the dealer or another player to provide "change" a player may simply verbally declare the amount they are betting while placing a chip s of sufficient value to make good on the bet.
Any "change" will be returned to them by the dealer if necessary. Today, most public cardrooms prefer for players to use the raise to standard as opposed to the raise by standard.
In the event of any ambiguity in a player's verbal action while raising, the player will normally be bound to raise to the stated amount.
In fixed-limit games, the size of bets and raises is determined by the specified stakes. Also, in fixed-limit and spread-limit games most casinos cap the total number of raises allowed in a single betting round typically three or four, not including the opening bet of a round.
It is common to suspend this rule when there are only two players betting in the round called being heads-up , since either player can call the last raise if they wish.
Pot-limit and no-limit games do not have a limit on the number of raises. If, because of opening or raising, there is an amount bet that the player in-turn has not paid, the player must at least match that amount, or must fold; the player cannot pass or call a lesser amount except where table stakes rules apply.
To call is to match a bet or match a raise. A betting round ends when all active players have bet an equal amount or everyone folds to a player's bet or raise.
If no opponents call a player's bet or raise, the player wins the pot. The second and subsequent calls of a particular bet amount are sometimes called overcalls.
This term is also sometimes used to describe a call made by a player who has put money in the pot for this round already. A player calling a raise before they have invested money in the pot in that round is cold calling.
For example, if in a betting round, Alice bets, Dianne raises, and Carol calls, Carol "calls two bets cold". A player calling instead of raising with a strong hand is smooth calling or flat calling , a form of slow play.
Calling in the final betting round when a player thinks they do not have the best hand is called a crying call. Calling when a player has a relatively weak hand but suspects their opponent may be bluffing is called a hero call.
Calling a bet prior to the final betting round with the intention of bluffing on a later betting round is called a float. In public cardrooms, placing a single chip in the pot of any value sufficient to call an outstanding bet or raise without a verbal action declaring otherwise always constitutes a call.
If necessary, any "change" from the chip will be returned to the player at the end of the betting round, or perhaps even sooner if this can conveniently be done.
If, when it is a player's turn to act, the player already has an oversized chip in the pot that has not yet been "changed" and that is of sufficient value to call an outstanding bet or raise, then the player may call by tapping the table as if checking.
In public cardrooms and casinos where verbal declarations are binding, the word "call" is such a declaration. Saying "I call" commits the player to the action of calling, and only calling.
Note that the verb "see" can often be used instead of "call": "Dianne saw Carol's bet", although the latter can also be used with the bettor as the object: "I'll see you" means 'I will call your bet'.
However, terms such as "overseeing" and "cold seeing" are not valid. To fold is to discard one's hand and forfeit interest in the current pot.
No further bets are required by the folding player, but the player cannot win. Folding may be indicated verbally or by discarding one's hand face down into the pile of other discards called the muck , or into the pot uncommon.
For this reason it is also called mucking. In stud poker played in the United States , it is customary to signal folding by turning all of one's cards face down.
Once a person indicates a fold or states I fold , that person cannot re-enter the hand. In casinos in the United Kingdom , a player folds by giving their hand as is to the "house" dealer, who spreads the cards face up for the other players to see before mucking them.
When participating in the hand, a player is expected to keep track of the betting action. Losing track of the amount needed to call, called the bet to the player , happens occasionally, but multiple occurrences of this slow the game down and so it is discouraged.
The dealer may be given the responsibility of tracking the current bet amount, from which each player has only to subtract their contribution, if any, thus far.
To aid players in tracking bets, and to ensure all players have bet the correct amount, players stack the amount they have bet in the current round in front of them.
When the betting round is over a common phrase is "the pot's good" , the players will push their stacks into the pot or the dealer will gather them into the pot.
Tossing chips directly into the pot known as splashing the pot , though popular in film and television depictions of the game, causes confusion over the amount of a raise and can be used to hide the true amount of a bet.
Likewise, string raises , or the act of raising by first placing chips to call and then adding chips to raise, causes confusion over the amount bet.
Both actions are generally prohibited at casinos and discouraged at least in other cash games.
Most actions calls, raises or folds occurring out-of-turn —when players to the right of the player acting have not yet made decisions as to their own action—are considered improper, for several reasons.
First, since actions by a player give information to other players, acting out of turn gives the person in turn information that they normally would not have, to the detriment of players who have already acted.
In some games, even folding in turn when a player has the option to check because there is no bet facing the player is considered folding out of turn since it gives away information which, if the player checked, other players would not have.
For instance, say that with three players in a hand, Player A has a weak hand but decides to try a bluff with a large opening bet.
Player C then folds out of turn while Player B is making up their mind. Player B now knows that if they fold, A will take the pot, and also knows that they cannot be re-raised if they call.
This may encourage Player B, if they have a good "drawing hand" a hand currently worth nothing but with a good chance to improve substantially in subsequent rounds , to call the bet, to the disadvantage of Player A.
Second, calling or raising out of turn, in addition to the information it provides, assumes all players who would act before the out of turn player would not exceed the amount of the out-of-turn bet.
This may not be the case, and would result in the player having to bet twice to cover preceding raises, which would cause confusion.
A player is never required to expose their concealed cards when folding or if all others have folded; this is only required at the showdown.
Many casinos and public cardrooms using a house dealer require players to protect their hands. This is done either by holding the cards or, if they are on the table, by placing a chip or other object on top.
Unprotected hands in such situations are generally considered folded and are mucked by the dealer when action reaches the player.
This can spark heated controversy, and is rarely done in private games. The style of game generally determines whether players should hold face-down cards in their hands or leave them on the table.
Holding "hole" cards allows players to view them more quickly and thus speeds up gameplay, but spectators watching over a player's shoulder can communicate the strength of that hand to other players, even unintentionally.
Unwary players can hold their hand such that a "rubbernecker" in an adjacent seat can sneak a peek at the cards. Lastly, given the correct light and angles, players wearing glasses can inadvertently show their opponents their hole cards through the reflection in their glasses.
Thus for most poker variants involving a combination of faceup and facedown cards most variants of stud and community are dealt in this manner , the standard method is to keep hole cards face-down on the table except when it is that player's turn to act.
Making change out of the pot is allowed in most games; to avoid confusion, the player should announce their intentions first.
Then, if opening or cold calling, the player may exchange a large chip for its full equivalent value out of the pot before placing their bet, or if over-calling may place the chip announcing that they are calling or raising a lesser amount and remove the change from their own bet for the round.
Normally, if a player places one oversized chip in the pot without voicing his intention while facing a bet, the action is automatically deemed a call whether or not the chip is large enough to otherwise qualify as a raise.
In most casinos players are prohibited from handling chips once they are placed in the pot, although a player removing his own previous bet in the current round from the pot for the purpose of calling a raise or re-raising is usually tolerated.
Otherwise, the dealer is expected to make change when required. Making change should, in general, be done between hands whenever possible, when a player sees they are running low of an oft-used value.
The house dealer at most casinos maintains a chip bank and can usually make change for a large amount of chips.
In informal games, players can make change with each other or with unused chips in the set. Similarly, buying in for an additional amount must be done between hands or, at least, done after a player has folded during the current hand since players are not allowed to add to their stack during a hand.
As described below, some casinos alleviate this issue by allowing cash to be deemed temporarily "in play" while staff fetches chips.
Players who wish to always play with at least the buy-in limit will often carry additional chips in their pocket so that whenever they lose a pot they can quickly "top up" without inconveniencing the dealer or delaying the game.
While having players buy chips directly from the dealer is seen as a convenience by some players, and can help deter players from exceeding buy-in limits, many players dislike this system because it slows down the game, especially if the dealer is expected to count large numbers of small denominations of chips.
Also, many jurisdictions require all such purchases or, at least, all larger transactions to be confirmed primarily to ensure accuracy by a supervisor or other staff member, potentially causing further delay.
To speed up play and, by extension, increase the number of hands dealt and rake earned by the casino , many casinos require players to buy chips from a cashier - to assist players, some establishments employ chip runners to bring cash and chips to and from the tables.
Many casinos have a dedicated cashier station located in or very near the poker room, although in some usually, smaller venues the same cashier station that handles other transactions will also handle poker-related purchases.
In addition, if the casino uses the same chips for poker as for other games then it is often possible to bring chips from such games to the poker table.
Touching another player's chips without permission is a serious breach of protocol and can result in the player being barred from the casino.
Most tournaments and many cash games require that larger denomination chips be stacked in front i. This rule is employed is to discourage attempts to conceal stack size.
Some casinos discourage, prohibit or simply refrain from circulating larger chip denominations to prevent them from being used in lower-stakes cash games, although the drawback is that larger stacks won during play will become more difficult to handle and manage as a result.
Some informal games allow a bet to be made by placing the amount of cash on the table without converting it to chips, as this speeds up play.
However, table stakes rules strictly prohibit this from being done while a hand is in progress. Other drawbacks to using cash include the ease with which cash can be "ratholed" removed from play by simply pocketing it , which is normally disallowed, in addition to the security risk of leaving cash on the table.
As a result, many games and virtually all casinos require a formal "buy-in" when a player wishes to increase their stake, or at least require any cash placed on the table to be converted into chips as quickly as possible.
Players in home games typically have both cash and chips available; thus, if money for expenses other than bets is needed, such as food, drinks and fresh decks of cards, many players typically pay out of pocket.
Some players especially professionals loath removing any part of their stack from play for any reason, especially once their stacks exceed the initial buy-in limit.
In casinos and public cardrooms, however, the use of cash is occasionally restricted or discouraged, so players often establish a small cache of chips called the "kitty", used to pay for such things.
At a casino, dealers who exchange cash for chips are expected to immediately secure any cash by placing it into a locked box near his station.
This means that regardless of how chips are purchased, when cashing them in it is typically not possible to sell them back to the dealer since s he has no access to any cash.
Poker chips must therefore be taken to the cashier to be exchanged for cash. Dealers who handle buy-ins will often be willing and sometimes encourage departing players to "color up" their stacks by exchanging them for the highest-available denominations, both for the convenience of the player and to minimize the number of times casino staff must deliver fresh chips to the poker table - a time-consuming process.
On the other hand, casinos that expect players to buy chips from the cashier will usually furnish players with chip trays typically designed to handle chips each to ease the handling of large numbers of chips.
Chips given by players or otherwise retained by the dealer for tips, rake and other fees where applicable are usually placed in separate locked boxes by the dealer, although in some casinos the rake is kept in a separate row in the dealer's tray.
Public cardrooms have additional rules designed to speed up play, earn revenue for the casino such as the "rake" , improve security and discourage cheating.
All poker games require some forced bets to create an initial stake for the players to contest, as well as an initial cost of being dealt each hand for one or more players.
The requirements for forced bets and the betting limits of the game see below are collectively called the game's betting structure. An ante is a forced bet in which all players put an equal amount of money or chips into the pot before the deal begins.
Often this is either a single unit a one-value or the smallest value in play or some other small amount; a proportion such as a half or a quarter of the minimum bet is also common.
An ante paid by every player ensures that a player who folds every round will lose money though slowly , thus providing all players with an incentive, however small, to play the hand rather than toss it in when the opening bet reaches them.
Antes are the most common forced bet in draw poker and stud poker but are uncommon in games featuring blind bets see next section. However, some tournament formats of games featuring blinds impose an ante to discourage extremely tight play.
Antes encourage players to play more loosely by lowering the cost of staying in the hand calling relative to the current pot size, offering better pot odds.
With antes, more players stay in the hand, which increases pot size and makes for more interesting play. This is considered important to ensure good ratings for televised tournament finals.
Most televised high-stakes cash games also use both blinds and antes. Televised cash games usually have one of the players, normally the dealer, pay for everyone to accelerate play.
If there are six players for example, the dealer would toss six times the ante into the pot, paying for each person. In live cash games where the acting dealer changes each turn, it is not uncommon for the players to agree that the dealer or some other position relative to the button provides the ante for each player.
This simplifies betting, but causes minor inequities if other players come and go or miss their turn to deal.
During such times, the player can be given a special button indicating the need to pay an ante to the pot known as "posting"; see below upon their return.
Some cardrooms eliminate these inequities by always dealing all players into every hand whether they are present or not. In such cases casino staff or neighboring players under staff supervision will be expected to post antes and fold hands on behalf of absent players as necessary.
A blind bet or just blind is a forced bet placed into the pot by one or more players before the deal begins, in a way that simulates bets made during play.
The most common use of blinds as a betting structure calls for two blinds: the player after the dealer blinds about half of what would be a normal bet, and the next player blinds what would be a whole bet.
This two-blind structure, sometimes with antes, is the dominating structure of play for community card poker games such as Texas hold-em.
Sometimes only one blind is used often informally as a "price of winning" the previous hand , and sometimes three are used this is sometimes seen in Omaha.
In the case of three blinds usually one quarter, one quarter, and half a normal bet amount , the first blind goes "on the button", that is, is paid by the dealer.
A blind is usually a "live bet"; the amount paid as the blind is considered when figuring the bet to that player the amount needed to call during the first round.
However, some situations, such as when a player was absent from the table during a hand in which they should have paid a blind, call for placing a "dead blind"; the blind does not count as a bet.
If there have been no raises when action first gets to the big blind that is, the bet amount facing them is just the amount of the big blind they posted , the big blind has the ability to raise or check.
This right to raise called the option occurs only once. As with any raise, if their raise is now called by every player, the first betting round closes as usual.
Similarly to a missed ante, a missed blind due to the player's temporary absence e. Upon the player's return, they must pay the applicable blind to the pot for the next hand they will participate in.
The need for this rule is eliminated in casinos that deal in absent players as described above. Also the rule is for temporary absences only; if a player leaves the table permanently, special rules govern the assigning of blinds and button see next subsection.
In some fixed-limit and spread-limit games, especially if three blinds are used, the big blind amount may be less than the normal betting minimum.
Players acting after a sub-minimum blind have the right to call the blind as it is, even though it is less than the amount they would be required to bet, or they may raise the amount needed to bring the current bet up to the normal minimum, called completing the bet.
When one or more players pays the small or big blinds for a hand, then after that hand permanently leaves the game by "busting out" in a tournament or simply calling it a night at a public cardroom , an adjustment is required in the positioning of the blinds and the button.
There are three common rule sets to determine this:. In tournaments, the dead button and moving button rules are common replacement players are generally not a part of tournaments.
Online cash games generally use the simplified moving button as other methods are more difficult to codify and can be abused by players constantly entering and leaving.
Casino card rooms where players can come and go can use any of the three rulesets, though moving button is most common. When a player immediately takes the place of a player who leaves, the player may have the option to either pay the blinds in the leaving player's stead, in which case play continues as if the player never left, or to "sit out" until the button has moved past him, and thus the chair is effectively empty for purposes of the blinds.
Many card rooms do not allow new players to sit out as it is highly advantageous for the new player, both to watch one or more hands without obligation to play, and to enter the game in a very "late" position on their first hand they see all other player's actions except the dealer's.
For these reasons, new players must often post a "live" big blind to enter regardless of their position at the table.
The normal rules for positioning the blinds do not apply when there are only two players at the table. The player on the button is always due the small blind, and the other player must pay the big blind.
The player on the button is therefore the first to act before the flop, but last to act for all remaining betting rounds. A special rule is also applied for placement of the button whenever the size of the table shrinks to two players.
If three or more players are involved in a hand, and at the conclusion of the hand one or more players have busted out such that only two players remain for the next hand, the position of the button may need to be adjusted to begin heads-up play.
The big blind always continues moving, and then the button is positioned accordingly. For example, in a three-handed game, Alice is the button, Dianne is the small blind, and Carol is the big blind.
If Alice busts out, the next hand Dianne will be the big blind, and the button will skip past Dianne and move to Carol.
On the other hand, if Carol busts out, Alice will be the big blind, Dianne will get the button and will have to pay the small blind for the second hand in a row.
A kill blind is a special blind bet made by a player who triggers the kill in a kill game see below. It is often twice the amount of the big blind or minimum bet known as a full kill , but can be 1.
This blind is "live"; the player posting it normally acts last in the opening round after the other blinds, regardless of relative position at the table , and other players must call the amount of the kill blind to play.
As any player can trigger a kill, there is the possibility that the player must post a kill blind when they are already due to pay one of the other blinds.
Rules vary on how this is handled. A bring-in is a type of forced bet that occurs after the cards are initially dealt, but before any other action.
One player, usually chosen by the value of cards dealt face up on the initial deal, is forced to open the betting by some small amount, after which players act after them in normal rotation.
Because of this random first action, bring-ins are usually used in games with an ante instead of structured blind bets.
The bring-in is normally assigned on the first betting round of a stud poker game to the player whose upcards indicate the poorest hand.
For example, in traditional high hand stud games and high-low split games, the player showing the lowest card pays the bring-in.
In low hand games, the player with the highest card showing pays the bring-in. The high card by suit order can be used to break ties, but more often the person closest to the dealer in order of rotation pays the bring-in.
In most fixed-limit and some spread-limit games, the bring-in amount is less than the normal betting minimum often half of this minimum.
The player forced to pay the bring-in may choose either to pay only what is required in which case it functions similarly to a small blind or to make a normal bet.